1.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering， Southwest Petroleum University，Chengdu 610500，China;2.Institute of Chemical Materials，China Academy of Engineering Physics， Mianyang 621999， China
Grant support： National Natural Science Foundation of China （21975231，22022512）
Polycyclic structures with high nitrogen content exhibit great potential in balancing the contradiction between energy and safety of energetic compounds. As an important structural unit for the design of high nitrogen content polycyclic energetic molecules， furazan has the characteristics of good stability， high nitrogen content， high positive enthalpy of formation and good oxygen balance tendency. The design and synthesis of polycyclic energetic compounds containing furazan unit have become a focus that has been studied extensively and deeply in the research field of energetic materials. This review article summarized and evaluated the molecular structures， synthetic methods， physicochemical properties of furazan based polycyclic energetic compounds. Meanwhile， the potential applications of these compounds in high energy and low sensitivity explosives， heat-resistant explosives and primary explosives were also prospected， providing a reference for the design and synthesis of new polycyclic energetic compounds.
SHI Jun-hao, ZHANG Wen-quan, ZHANG Qing-hua. Synthetic Progress of Furazan based Polycyclic Energetic Compounds[J]. Chinese Journal of Energetic Materials,2023,31(4):374-410.